Research Process -BIG6

Adopted by Buncombe County Schools, The Big6 is the most widely known and widely used approach to teaching research, information, and technology skills in the world.  Developed by Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz, the Big6 is a process model of how people of all ages solve an information problem.  Successful information problem-solving encompasses the following six stages and 2 sub-stages under each:

            1.   Task Definition

                              1.1   Define the information problem

                             1.2   Identify information needed

            2.   Information Seeking Strategies

                              2.1   Determine all possible sources

                             2.2   Select the best source
            3.   Location and Access
                              3.1   Locate sources
                             3.2   Find information within sources
            4.   Use of Information
                              4.1   Engage (ex. read, hear, view)
                             4.2   Extract relevant information
            5.   Synthesis
                              5.1   Organize from multiple sources
                             5.2   Present the information
            6.   Evaluation
                              6.1   Judge the product (effectiveness)
                             6.2   Judge the process (efficiency)
The "Big6™" is copyright © (1987) Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz. For more information, visit: